The Ethno Town



Family package

Krusevo, macedonia

Mentioned in documents from the 15th century, Krusevo is a living museum, famous for its traditional architecture, cultural sites, and legacy as the site of the great 1903 Ilinden uprising against Ottoman domination. The rebellion failed, but its memory is cherished in Macedonia even today, as a symbol of the national struggle for freedom and democracy; while it lasted only 10 days, the Krusevo Republic of revolutionary leader Nikola Karev represented a desire for self-rule under a modern European political system. Today an enormous monument on the hill above Krusevo marks the elusive dream of the Ilinden revolutionaries. Owing to its high elevation (1300 meters or 4,400 feet), Krusevo is also one of Macedonia’s prime winter sports destinations. Yet this same quality also makes this pine-forested getaway a comfortable destination in summer, when the Krusevo air stays cooler and more pure than in the arid lowlands. The memory of Macedonian artist, Nikola Martinoski, is preserved in a traditional-style house/gallery that contains a huge collection of Martinoski’s paintings and drawings, as well as various ethnological artifacts that bring 19th century Macedonia to life. Krusevo was,as well,the hometown of Macedonian most famous pop-singer Tose Proeski (1981-2007).

History and culture

Part of the Byzantine Empire. The area was temporarily annexed by the First Bulgarian Empire in the 9th century to be conquered again by the Byzantium. The region came shortly under the rule of the short-lived Principality of Prilep of Prince Marko (r. 1371 – 1395), a successor state of the Serbian Empire (1346–1371) where the father of Župan Vukašin Mrnjavčević (co-ruler of King Stefan Uroš V) held the region. The principality and region came under Ottoman Turkish rule in 1395.
Ottoman rule
In 19th century, Kruševo grew as a commercial center with connections throughout the Balkans and beyond. Local merchants such as the Nitsiotas brothers and five other companies were active in Vienna. In the 1860s a Bulgarian municipality and Bulgarian school were established the city. Subsequently, a Bulgarian girls school was opened and it operated simultaneously with the Greek schools in the town. A Romanian school started functioning in Kruševo in 1876. In the early 20th century, Kruševo was a small town with a mixed population of 4,950 Bulgarians, 4,000 Vlachs (Aromanians) and 400 Christian Albanians, according to Bulgarian geographer Vasil Kanchov’s statistics. During the Ilinden Uprising in 1903 the rebels proclaimed a short lived Kruševo Republic. Having suppressed the uprising the city was almost completely destroyed by the Ottoman army. One of the most important points in the Ilinden uprising was the declaration of the “Manifesto of Kruševo”. It called for all the people of Macedonia regardless of their nationality and religion to fight together against the Ottoman Empire. In the area there is a monument called Mečkin Kamen (Bear’s Stone). This was the place where Pitu Guli’s band (cheta) was trying to defend the town of Kruševo from the Turkish troops coming from Bitola. The band and their leader (voivode) are remembered as heroic defenders of Kruševo and the surrounding villages.

Tose Proeski 01 20140710 DSC00336
Krusevo, 141017.
Obiljezavanje desete godisnjice smrti Tose Proeskog.
Foto: Maja Zlatevska / CROPIX

The Tose Proeski Memorial House

IF THERE’S ONE THING THE Albanians, Macedonians, Roma, Aromanians, and other citizens of Macedonia share, it’s the admiration they have for Toše Proeski, or at the very least, the sorrow caused by his early tragic death.

The Memorial House of Macedonia’s late pop star Tose Proeski is located above Krusevo in the Gumenje area, near the famous symbol of Krusevo – the Makedonium monument. Important to mention is that the Tose Proeski Memorial House has won first place at the global architecture event and features the world’s biggest architectural contest – The World Architectural Festival Awards. The Tose Proseki Memorial House was opened on 25 April 2011. It is located in Krusevo in an area of 870 square meters. The concrete and glass facility is built in a form of a cross.

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